Australian Government, Australian Government Actuary

Appendix B

Population

The Australian population as shown by the last twelve Censuses
Year Males Females Total
1954 4,546,118 4,440,412 8,986,530
1961 5,312,252 5,195,934 10,508,186
1966 5,841,588 5,757,910 11,599,498
1971 6,506,224 6,431,023 12,937,247
1976 6,979,380 6,936,129 13,915,509
1981 7,416,090 7,440,684 14,856,774
1986 7,940,110 7,959,691 15,899,801
1991 8,518,397 8,584,208 17,102,605
1996 9,048,337 9,172,939 18,221,276
2001 9,533,996 9,670,962 19,204,958
2006 10,123,089 10,247,880 20,370,969
2011 10,972,862 11,085,920 22,058,782

Figures shown for Censuses before 1966 exclude Aborigines. Figures shown for Censuses from 1971 onwards have been adjusted by the Statistician to allow for under‑enumeration. Since 1991, the Census has been held in August. Figures for these years are given at 30 June of the relevant year and have been adjusted for the length of time between 30 June and Census night.

Deaths
Year Males Females Total
2010 73,019 69,721 142,740
2011 75,324 71,388 146,712
2012 75,545 73,279 148,824
Total 223,888 214,388 438,276

These numbers do not include deaths of Australian residents overseas, but do include deaths of overseas residents who are in Australia at the time of their death.

Movements of the population
Year Males Females Total
  Arrivals Departures Arrivals Departures Arrivals Departures
2010 7,009,440 7,021,128 6,494,003 6,437,629 13,503,443 13,458,757
2011 7,401,102 7,376,657 6,820,686 6,747,096 14,221,788 14,123,753
2012 7,742,837 7,690,737 7,214,926 7,102,845 14,957,763 14,793,582
Total 22,153,379 22,088,522 20,529,615 20,287,570 42,682,994 42,376,092

    These numbers are not evenly distributed by age and whether arrivals exceed departures or vice‑versa may vary from age to age.